Master’s study programme in the English language
The written exam in biology has a form of a test, which consists of questions and multiple choice answers (just one is correct) and questions that are to be answered in one or more words. The test contains a total of 37 questions; a correct answer is valued 1 point, thus the maximal result in the biology test is 37 points.
Topic for BIOLOGY entrance test
General characteristics of living systems
- The history of the earth and origin of life on earth.
- Living systems, their origin and evolution.
- An individual and a species.
- Features of organisms, their dependence on the environment, taxonomy.
- Evolution, Darwinism.
Structure of living systems
- Chemical composition of living systems.
- Non-cellular forms of living systems.
- The cell, basic unit of living systems. Prokaryotic cell, eukaryotic cell. Unicellular organisms, multicellular organisms.
- Chemical composition of cells, cellular organelles.
- Vital functions and individual development of organisms (viruses, bacteria, unicellular organisms, fungi, plants, animals). Animal colonies and societies (“individuals of higher order”).
- Cellular metabolism.
- Cell division and reproduction.
- Chromosomes, gene expression, DNA replication.
- Molecular and cytologic basis of inheritance.
- Recombination and mutation.
- Mendelism, heredity in multicellular organisms.
- Basic population genetics.
- Animal metabolism, body temperature. Gas exchange between animals and environment, circulation of internal fluids, excretion.
- Hormonal and neural regulation.
- Classification and phylogeny of invertebrates and vertebrates.
- Ethology, geographic distribution of animals.
- Protozoans (Protozoa). Origins of multicellularity. Sponges (Porifera), cnidarians (Cnidaria), ctenophores (Ctenophora), flatworms (Platyhelminthes), nematodes (Nematoda), rotifers (Rotifera), molluscs (Mollusca), annelids (Annelida), arthropods (Arthropoda), echinoderms (Echinodermata), chordates (Chordata).
- Human evolution.
- Skeletal, muscular, circulatory (including blood), respiratory, digestive, urinary, reproductive, integumentary, sensory, regulatory systems.
- Health and disease.
- Structure of plant cell and tissues.
- Vital functions and individual development of plants.
- Nutrition and respiration in plants.
- Plant movements.
- Lower plants, higher plants, fungi.
- Organisms and environment, populations, biological communities.
- Ecosystems. Ecological niche.
- Abiotic and biotic components of environment.
- Trophic (food) ecology. Environmental care. Nature conservation.
- Domestication and breeding of laboratory animals.
Recommended literature: Campbell, Reece: Biology.
Example of questions from Biology