Information for applicants

Master’s study programme in the English language

The written exam in biology has a form of a test, which consists of questions and multiple choice answers (just one is correct) and questions that are to be answered in one or more words. The test contains a total of 37 questions; a correct answer is valued 1 point, thus the maximal result in the biology test is 37 points.


Topic for BIOLOGY entrance test

General characteristics of living systems

  • The history of the earth and origin of life on earth.
  • Living systems, their origin and evolution.
  • An individual and a species.
  • Features of organisms, their dependence on the environment, taxonomy.
  • Evolution, Darwinism.

Structure of living systems

  • Chemical composition of living systems.
  • Non-cellular forms of living systems.
  • The cell, basic unit of living systems. Prokaryotic cell, eukaryotic cell. Unicellular organisms, multicellular organisms.
  • Chemical composition of cells, cellular organelles.
  • Vital functions and individual development of organisms (viruses, bacteria, unicellular organisms, fungi, plants, animals). Animal colonies and societies (“individuals of higher order”).
  • Cellular metabolism.
  • Cell division and reproduction.
  • Chromosomes, gene expression, DNA replication.

Genetics

  • Molecular and cytologic basis of inheritance.
  • Recombination and mutation.
  • Mendelism, heredity in multicellular organisms.
  • Basic population genetics.

Zoology

  • Animal metabolism, body temperature. Gas exchange between animals and environment, circulation of internal fluids, excretion.
  • Hormonal and neural regulation.
  • Senses.
  • Locomotion.
  • Ontogeny.
  • Classification and phylogeny of invertebrates and vertebrates.
  • Ethology, geographic distribution of animals.
  • Protozoans (Protozoa). Origins of multicellularity. Sponges (Porifera), cnidarians (Cnidaria), ctenophores (Ctenophora), flatworms (Platyhelminthes), nematodes (Nematoda), rotifers (Rotifera), molluscs (Mollusca), annelids (Annelida), arthropods (Arthropoda), echinoderms (Echinodermata), chordates (Chordata).

Human biology

  • Human evolution.
  • Skeletal, muscular, circulatory (including blood), respiratory, digestive, urinary, reproductive, integumentary, sensory, regulatory systems.
  • Ontogeny.
  • Health and disease.

Botany

  • Structure of plant cell and tissues.
  • Vital functions and individual development of plants.
  • Nutrition and respiration in plants.
  • Plant movements.
  • Lower plants, higher plants, fungi.

Ecology

  • Organisms and environment, populations, biological communities.
  • Ecosystems. Ecological niche.
  • Abiotic and biotic components of environment.
  • Trophic (food) ecology. Environmental care. Nature conservation.
  • Domestication and breeding of laboratory animals.

Recommended literature: Campbell, Reece: Biology.

Example of questions from Biology